Azerbaijani Popular Front Party

Published 10th October, 2013

The Azerbaijani Popular Front Party or APFP was founded in 1992 by Abulfaz Elchibey.

The party does, however, go back to 1989 when it was established as a broad movement to oppose the then Communist government.

The party was allowed to contest the 1990 Supreme Soviet elections and won 45 of the 360 seats. The party boycotted the presidential elections of 1991 but worked with other groups to secure the resignation of President Ayaz Mutalibov in March 1992.

The party’s presidential candidate in the June 1992 presidential election, Abulfaz Elchibey, won the election with 59.4% of the vote. The party blocked ratification of Azerbaijan’s membership of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) but came under increasing pressure from opposition groups including The New Azerbaijan Party and its leader Heydar Aliyev.

Abulfaz Elchibey was replaced as head of state in June 1993 and replaced by Heydar Aliyev. Since then the party has remained in opposition, winning four seats in 1995/6, six seats in 2000/1 and one seat in 2005. They won no seats in 2010.

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