Müsavat (Equality) Party

Published 10th October, 2013

The Müsavat Party or Equality Party was originally founded in 1911and lasted until 1923 and the establishment of Communism. It was re-founded in June 1992 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The party describes itself as Centrist and believes in Liberalism, Social liberalism, Economic liberalism and Liberal nationalism.

Founded originally as a secret society, Müsavat became the leading political force after the fall of the Russian Empire in 1917. The party was part of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) governments from 1918 until the Soviet invasion in 1920. Between 1920 and 1922 the party went underground once more and carried out several uprisings which resulted in the killing or exile of most of its prominent leaders.

The party remained in exile until 1989 when a group of intellectuals created the “Azerbaijan National Democratic New Musavat Party”. From 1992 it became a legitimate political party once more but has struggled to gain traction against the might of The New Azerbaijan Party and President Ilham Aliyev.

The party won one seat in 1995/6 and two seats in 2000/1. In 2005 they went up to five seats in the 125 seat National Assembly but were reduced to no seats in 2010.

The Müsavat Party is a member of Liberal International and the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.

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