New Azerbaijan Party
Published 10th October, 2013
The New Azerbaijan Party or YAP was founded on 18th December 1992 by Heydar Aliyev. The party describes itself as Centre-right and believes in Azerbaijani nationalism, Secularism, Social market economy and Liberal conservatism.
Heydar Aliyev led the party to victory in the 1993 presidential election, taking 98.8% of the vote. He also won the 1998 election and took 77.6% of the vote.
Meanwhile the party won 59 of the 125 seats in the National Assembly elections which started in 1995 but were continued in 1996 after the results in 15 constituencies were declared invalid. The party won again in 2000 and 2001; this time taking 75 of the 125 seats.
In 2003, months before his death, President Heydar Aliyev made his son, Ilham Aliyev, and then in the presidential election he stood down in favour of his son who won 76.8% of the vote. The old president dies two months later.
Ilham Aliyev won the 2008 presidential election with 87.34% but the election was boycotted by the main opposition parties.
The party won 61 of 125 seats in 2005 and 72 seats in 2010. Each time a large number of independents were also elected who supported the president.
In 2009 a referendum abolished the presidential term limit, allowing Ilham Aliyev to stand in the 2013 presidential election at which he won 84.72% of the vote.