African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde
Published 19th January, 2011
The PAICV is a member of the Socialist International, but describes itself as a social democratic party.
Originally the Cape Verde branch of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) which was founded in 1956. The PAIGC led both Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde to independence in 1974, the PAICV coming into existaence as an independent party in January 1981.
The 1980 Constitution effectively created a one party arranegemnt and the PAICV ruled up to the introduction of a multi-party system in 1990.
In 1991 the PAICV was heavily defeated in the General Election and Presidential election by the Movement for Democracy (MpD). They were defeated again in 1995 but returned to office in 2001.
In 2006 the PAICV reinforced its position, winning 52.28% of the vote and 41 of the 72 seats in the National Assembly.
The PAICV gains most of its support from the urban areas and rural agricultural areas such as Santa Cruz and São Filipe.