Central African Republic

4,486,837
Bangui
Africa
TRS

Background

2005 Elections

In March 2003 President Ange-Félix Patassé was deposed in a coup led by General François Bozizé.  In May 2003 General Bozizé established a 98 member National Transitional Council and part of their role was to prepare a new constitution.  A referendum on the new constitution was held on 5th December 2004 and approved with 91.37% of those voting in favour.

Although he had said that he would not stand for election, on 11th December 2004 General Bozizé announced that he would stand for President in forthcoming elections.

New Presidential elections were then held on 13th March and 8th May 2005.  The President is elected by direct popular vote for a five year term that can be renewed once.

In total eleven candidates stood in the Presidential elections.  The results were:

First round Second round
François Bozizé Independent* 42.97% 64.60%
Martin Ziguélé MLPC 23.53% 35.40%
André Kolingba RDC 16.36%
Jean-Paul Ngoupandé PUN 5.08%

* Although François Bozizé stood as an Independent he was supported by Kwa Na Kwa (KNK).

The remaining candidates each received less than 5% of the vote.

François Bozizé was duly elected as President and was sworn in on 11th June 2005.

Elections for the National Assembly, although originally set for an earlier date, were held on the same dates as the Presidential election.

The unicameral Parliament is composed of 105 seats and is elected by direct popular vote to serve a five year term in a two-round system.  If no candidate has an outright majority in the first round a run-off is held for all those candidates who secured at least 10% of the vote.

The results were:

Seats
National Convergence; Kwa Na Kwa (KNK) 42
Movement for the Liberation of the
Central African People (MLPC) 11
Central African Democracy (RDC) 8
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 4
Patriotic Front for Progress (FPP) 2
Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ADP) 2
Löndö Association (AL) 1
Independents 34
Invalidated 1
Total number of seats 105

No turnout figures have been published for the General Election, but turnout for the Presidential election was said to be 68.27% in the first round and 64.63% in the second round.

The new Parliament met for the first time on 3rd June 2005 and elected Célestin Gaombalet the Prime Minister as Speaker and subsequently Élie Doté as Prime Minister.

The next elections were set for April 2010.

2010/2011 Elections

Originally a date for the Presidential and General Elections were set for April 2010.  However, due to concerns over the readiness of the Independent Electoral Commission (CEI) and complaints from the opposition, President Bozizé delayed the elections.

Two further dates were mooted in May and then October before new dates were set of 23rd January 2011 for the first round and 20th March 2011 for the second round.

The CEI is not provided for in the 2004 constitution and exists following a Presidential decree establishing it on 3 October 2009.  The CEI works in partnership with the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation.  Because the CEI is not a permanent body and is set up 90 days before an election and its term expires 45 days after the announcement of the result.

Independent observers have commented that this arrangement has led to a lack of expertise and funding issues.  There is a website for the CEI, but as yet it lacks content Commission Electorale Indépendante de RCA.
To date there are six candidates registered for the Presidential Election.  These are:

François Bozizé Kwa Na Kwa (KNK)
Ange-Félix Patassé Independent
Jean-Jaques Démafouth People’s Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD)
Justin Wilite Congress for the African Renaissance
Martin Ziguélé Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (MLPC)
Emile Gros Raymond Nakombo Central African Democratic Rally (RDC)

There are unconfirmed reports that the CEI has named 833 candidates standing in the General Election. For this election there are 17 constituencies each with a determined number of seats as follows:

Constituency Population Seats
1 Commune of Bangui 531,763 9
2 Ouham‐Pendé 325,567 9
3 Ombella‐M’Poko 304,025 9
4 Mambéré‐Kadéï 2 89,688 10
5 Ouham 280,772 9
6 Ouaka 224,076 8
7 Lobaye 214,137 7
8 Basse‐Kotto 203,887 7
9 Nana‐Mambéré 184,594 6
10 Mbomou 132,740 6
11 Kémo 98,881 4
12 Sangha‐Mbaere 89,871 4
13 Nana‐Gribizi 87,341 3
14 Haute‐Kotto 69,514 4
15 Bamingui‐Bangoran 38,437 2
16 Haut‐Mbomou 38,184 4
17 Vakaga 37,595 3
Total 3,151,072 104

Source: Decree No 10.049 of 2 March via EISA Pre-Election Assessment Mission Report.

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2016 places the Central African Republic at joint 159th out of 176 countries with a CPI 2016 score of 20 (where 100 is least corrupt).