Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development
Published 13th July, 2012
The Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI was founded in 1990 by Bernard Kolélas and was a member of the Forces for Change which led the transition movement to multi-party democracy in 1992. The party is described as broadly centre-right.
In the 1992 election the party took second place with 29 of 125 seats in the National Assembly. They also did well in 1993 when they took 28 seats.
Bernard Kolélas was the party’s presidential candidate in the 1992 election and came second to the eventual winner Pascal Lissouba of the Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (UPADS).
In 1997 Kolélas was appointed prime minister by President Pascal Lissouba but the government was deposed soon after. Kolélas was forced to flee the country and in 2000 was sentenced to death in absentia. He was pardoned in 2005, returning to the country and in 2007 the MCDDI formed an alliance with the Congolese Party of Labour (PCT). In the 2007 election the party won 11 of 137 seats in the National Assembly.