Democratic People’s Movement
Published 21st January, 2013
The Democratic People’s Movement or MPD (also known as the Democratic Popular Movement) was founded on 17th March 1978 by Jaime Hurtado González. The MPD is the electoral wing of the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (affiliated with the ICMLPO-U&S). It describes itself as Left-wing and believes in Marxism-Leninism and Socialism. The MPD has a strong presence in the trade union movement in Ecuador.
The party has always had some representation in the National Congress and National Assembly (after 2008) whilst its presidential candidates have managed to gain around 5% of the vote.
Hurtado stood as the presidential candidate in 1984 and 1988 and was a deputy when he was assassinated on 17th February 1999 outside the National Congress building.
The party won one seat in 1979 and that went up to three seats in 1984 and then two seats in 1998. In 1992 and 1996 they managed to win four seats but dropped back to two seats in 1998. In 2002 and 2006 they took three seats and their best result to date, but in an enlarged National Assembly of 124 seats, was in 2009 when they won five seats.