About Egypt’s political parties

Published 17th November, 2011

Since 25th January 2011 revolution and the fall of the Mubarak regime on 11th February 2011 there has been an explosion of interest in setting up civic society groups and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Some of these have formed into political parties and some remain as pressure groups.

Listed below are the known political parties for which we have some knowledge. That does not mean to say that more political parties are not being formed.

Early on in the new democratic process it became clear that there were some similarities between parties. Some are keen on creating an Islamic state, others want a secular state and yet others seek a socialist state.

Across the spectrum there are three main groupings of parties.

The National Democratic Alliance for Egypt is a coalition of mainly Islamist parties which was founded around the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP). From a strong start the coalition has leaked members as they fell out with the FJP.

The Egyptian Bloc also referred to as the Egypt Bloc opposes the transformation of Egypt into an Islamic state. But it does accept that Islam should be the official religion. They do not refer to themselves so much as wanting a secular state but instead refer to a ‘civil democratic state’. The bloc is also in favour of a supra-constitutional declaration of principles.

The Coalition of Socialist Forces I a group of five socialist and left wing parties that seek to create a socialist bloc within the new parliament.

Finally, you may come across references to the National Democratic Party (NDP). That was the party of President Hosni Mubarak which was dissolved on 16th April 2011 on the orders of the supreme court.

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