Published 17th November, 2011
The Al-Wafd party also known as the New Wafd Party was originally founded in the 1920s and is one of the oldest political parties in Egypt. In 1952 the party was banned and did not emerge again until 4th February 1978 under its veteran leader Mohammed Fouad Serageddin. It describes itself as centre-right and believes in liberalism, liberal nationalism and Egyptian nationalism as well as a secular state.
In 1924 the party won 195 of 214 Chamber of Deputies seats and formed the first government of the newly independent state. Al-Wafd went on to win every election except for the 1945 election, which it boycotted, up to 1950.
In 1950, prior to the 1952 ban, Al-Wafd won the general election, taking 225 of the 319 seats. Two years later they were banned.
The party came back in 1978 and went on to fight the May 1984 elections and won 58 of the 458 seats in the People’s Assembly, the second largest and only other party to the National Democratic Party.
Since then the party has won 35 seats in 1987 but boycotted elections in 1990. In 1995 they won five seats, in 2000 that went up to seven but they dropped back to five in 2005 and went up to six in 2010.
Al-Wafd was a member of the Democratic Alliance but pulled out to stand alone on its historic record in early October 2011.