El Salvador

Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front

Published 6th February, 2012

The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front or FMLN was formed in 1980, taking its name from a communist leader of the peasants revolt in 1932. It describes itself as far left and believes in democratic socialism and social democracy, with some Marxist elements.

The party started life as a guerrilla movement with the Democratic Revolutionary Front as its political wing. It started a guerrilla offensive against the government of the day in 1981 and grew in strength as well as politically until the UN sponsored Chapultepec Peace Accord was signed in 1992.

In May 1992 the FMLN announced that it was to form itself into a political party and fought its first elections in 1994; in that year they won 21 of the 84 Legislative Assembly seats.

With each election their strength has grown. In 1997 they took 27 seats, in 2000 and 2003 they took 31 seats and in 2006 that went up to 32 seats.

In 2009 the breakthrough came when their presidential candidate, Mauricio Funes, won 51.32% of the vote in the first round. The party also did well in the 2009 legislative elections, taking 35 of the 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly.

The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front is a member of the São Paulo Forum.

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