United National Movement
Published 17th August, 2012
The United National Movement or UNM was founded in October 2001 by Mikheil Saakashvili. It describes itself as a centre-right party and believes in Liberal Conservatism, Liberal Nationalism and Pro-Europeanism. It also describes itself as a reformist party seeking closer links with NATO and the European Union whilst wishing to restore national control over the separatist states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
The party emerged from the Rose revolution of 2003 and the subsequent UNM was an amalgamation of the United National Movement and the United Democrats which took place on 4th February 2004. Although the party is known nationally as the United National Movement, within parliament their group is called the National Movement – Democrats.
In the subsequent election on 28th March 2004 the United National Movement took 135 of the 235 seats in the Georgian parliament.
Mikheil Saakashvili had previously won the presidential election in January 2004 with 96% of the vote.
Despite widespread protests against the government in 2007, the party went on to win 119 of the now 150 seats in the national parliament. President Mikheil Saakashvili also went on to win the presidential election with 53.47% of the vote.
The United National Movement is a member of the International Democrat Union (IDU) and an Observer member of the European People’s Party.