Ghana

National Democratic Congress


Published 31st October, 2012

The National Democratic Congress or NDC was founded in June 1992 by Jerry John Rawlings, following the legalisation of political parties, as a coalition of pro-government organisations. It describes itself as centre-left and believes in Social Democracy.

Jerry Rawlings had been head of a military government until 1992 when a new constitution was introduced and fresh elections were held. The NDC was founded to fight the first democratic elections since 1979.

The National Democratic Congress won the 1992 election with 189 of the 200 seats in parliament but partly because the election was boycotted by opposition parties. The win in 1996 was more convincing when it beat three other major parties and took 133 seats in the 200 seat parliament.

Jerry Rawlings won both the 1992 and 1996 with 58.4% and 57.4% respectively. Having served two terms in office Rawlings was not eligible to stand again and his replacement, Professor John Atta Mills, did not win the 2000 or 2004 elections; the NDC also lost these elections.

In 2008 the NDC were back after a period out of government of eight years. In the 2008 general election the NDC took 116 of 230 seats in parliament and John Atta Mills won the presidential election with 50.23% of the vote.

Tragically, John Atta Mills died in July 2012 after a short illness and he was replaced by his Vice-President, John Dramani Mahama.

The National Democratic Congress is a member of Socialist International.


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