Party for Social Renewal
Published 13th February, 2012
The Party for Social Renewal or PRS was founded in 1992 by Kumba Ialá and others predominantly from the Balanta ethnic group. The party describes itself as centre-left and believes in social democracy.
The party managed to win 12 of 100 seats in the National People’s Assembly in 1994, the first multi-party elections in the country’s history. They were the third largest party and went into opposition.
In 1998 the PAIGC was in some difficulties and the following year a coup saw the incumbent president removed. Kumba Ialá was installed as the president and in the 1999/2000 elections he won the election in the second round with 72% of the vote. The PRS also did well, taking 38 of the 100 seats in the National People’s Assembly, the largest party.
Kumba Ialá was removed in a military coup in 2003 and in fresh elections in 2004 a divided and fractured PRS only lost just three seats, down to 35 seats, but the PAIGC went back up to 45 seats. In the presidential election of 2005 Kumba Ialá was permitted to stand but came third in the contest with 25% of the vote.
In 2008 the party saw further losses when their numbers were reduced to 28 of the 100 seats in the National People’s Assembly. In the 2009 presidential election ,caused by the assassination of João Vieira, Kumba Ialá came second and in the second round took 36.69% of the vote.