Haiti

10,123,787
Port-au-Prince
Central America
TRS

Background 

Presidential and Parliamentary elections were due to be held on 28th February 2010 but were postponed because of an earthquake which killed around 200,000 people on 12th January.

The new date which was set for the elections was 28th November 2010 with a nominations date set for 17th August.  Fifteen political parties were excluded from the election including Fanmi Lavalas, the party of exiled ex President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

The election for 11 of the 30 Senators, all 99 Deputies for the Chamber of Deputies and a new President went ahead, but with some controversy.  Nineteen Presidential candidates were successfully nominated.  There were three main candidates:

Mirlande Manigat RNDP
Jude Celestin Unity
Michel Martelly Repons peyizan

Immediately after the election unofficial figures put popular musician Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly on 39%, former first lady Mirlande Manigat on 31% and governing party candidate and President Preval’s preferred choice Jude Celestin on 12%.

A few days later the Provisional Electoral Council (PEC) announced figures showing Mirlande Manigat on 31.37%, Jude Celestin on 22.48% and Michel Martelly on 21.84%.

During the election there had been reports of thousands of voters being disenfranchised, incidents of ballot-stuffing, violence and intimidation all of which were confirmed by international observers.

When the PEC made its announcement that the second round vote would be between Mirlande Manigat and Jude Celestin supporters of Martelly went on the rampage and there was widespread condemnation of the announcement.

Subsequently President Preval asked the Organisation of American States (OAS) to carry out an investigation into the election and come up with a report.

Originally the second round for President was due to be held on 16th January 2011.  However this had to be abandoned as the OAS mission prepared its report.  A decision as to what happens next awaits the report back from the election experts.  At least one month would be needed between the decision over the report and a second round if that were to be the decision.

Twelve of the 19 candidates have pressed for the elections to be cancelled.

2006 General Election

A general election took place on 7th February 2006 to elect all 30 Senators, all 99 seats for the Chamber of Deputies and a President.

The election had been delayed four times and was to replace the interim government of Gérard Latortue following the 2004 rebellion.

The candidates standing in the Presidential election were as follows: 

Charles Baker Respe
Marc Bazin Lavalas
Jean-Baptiste Belizaire
Joel Bourgella
Jean Buteau
Jean-Marie Cherestal
Bonivert Claude PTH
Turneb Delpe
Paul Denis OPL
Hubert Deronceray GFCD
Marc Destin
Joseph Duplan PJPDN
Nicolas Evans
Luc Fleurinord MIRN
Edouard Francisque
Reynold Georges ALAH
Serge Gilles Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats
Gerard Gourgue Movement for United Democracy
Jean Jeune Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti
Rene Julien
Emmanuel Justima
Raoul Liberis 
Leslie Manigat RDNP
Luc Mesadieu Mochrenah
Evans Paul Alyans
Frantz Perpignan
Guy Philippe FRN
Rene Preval Lespwa
Himmler Rebu GREH
Charles Romain
Franck Romain PACAPALAH
Joe Roy
Yves Saint-Louis
Jean-Jacques Sylvain
Dany Toussaint MODEREH

After the first round René Préval led the count with 48.8% of the vote.  However after removing blank ballots his total was adjusted to 51.1%, hence avoiding a second round.  The second candidate, Leslie Manigat of the Rally of Progressive National Democrats received 12.40% of the votes.

René Préval was sworn in as the new President on 14th May 2006.

In the Senate elections the results were:

  Seats won
Front for Hope (Lespwa) 13
Rally of Progressive National Democrats (RDNP) 1
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion) 4
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 2
Struggling People’s Organisation (OPL) 3
Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti 2
L’Artibonite in Action 2
Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans) 1
Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (MIRN) 1
Bridge (Pont) 1
Total 30

There were a large number of other parties who did not win seats.

In the Chamber of Deputies there were two rounds, the first on 7th February and the second on 21st April.  The cumulative results were:*

  Seats won
Front for Hope (Lespwa) 22
Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats (Fusion) 17
Democratic Alliance Party (Alyans) 12
Struggling People’s Organisation (OPL) 9
Christian National Union for the Reconstruction of Haiti (Union) 7
Fanmi Lavalas (FL) 6
L’Artibonite in Action (LAAA) 5
Mobilization for Haitian Progress (MPH) 4
Rally of Progressive National Democrats (RDNP) 4
Combined platform for the rehabilitation of Haiti (Konba) 3
Christian Movement for a New Haiti (Mochrenah) 2
National Reconstruction Front (FRN) 2
National Reconstruction Movement (MRN) 1
Independent Movement for National Reconciliation (MIRN) 1
Tet Ansanm 1
Justice for Peace and Development (JPD) 1
Haitian Democratic and Reformist Movement 1
Unité 1
Total 99

* The published results vary widely between different sources including some parties missing and number of seats allocated.  The results here are the closest match we could obtain where two sources verified the results.

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2014 places Haiti at joint 161st out of 174 countries with a CPI 2014 score of 19 (where 100 is least corrupt).