Published 16th May, 2012
The Independence Party or IP was founded in 1929 as a merger of conservative and liberal groups who wanted independence from Denmark. The party describes itself as centre-right and believes in Liberal Conservatism, Classical Liberalism and Euroscepticism. The party supports Icelandic membership of NATO.
The Independence Party has fought in 27 general elections since its foundation. It has been the largest party in every parliament except in five cases; they were 1931, 1937, 1942 and 2009 when they came second to another party in each case. In June 1959 they took 13 seats along with the Progressive Party (PP) but prevailed in the October 1959 election, taking 16 seats to the Progressive Party’s 11 seats.
In every election until 2009 the Independence Party went on to form a coalition government with one or more other parties including the Social Democratic Party, Progressive Party and People’s Alliance (PA) and held the prime ministerial position.
The Independence Party is a member of the International Democrat Union and of the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists.