Chief Minister of West Bengal
Mamata Banerjee was born in Calcutta, West Bengal on 5th January 1955 into a lower middle class family. She has a degree in History and a Masters in Islamic History as well as a degree in Education and a law degree.
Her political career started in the early 1970s when she joined the Indian National Congress and rapidly rose through the ranks making her mark from an early stage. In 1984 she beat the incumbent communist politician to take the Jadavpur seat and entered the Lok Sabham (India’s parliament).
Although she lost the seat in 1989, she came back in 1991, winning the Calcutta South seat. She has held the seat through five successive general elections. In 1997 she resigned from Congress and established the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC or TMC). The TMC instantly made its mark against the ruling Communist government in West Bengal state.
In 1999 she joined the BJP led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government and became railways minister in 2000. But in 2001 she left the NDA and allied with Congress once more.
In 2009 she became railways minister for a second time a post she has held until recently.
In 2011 she led the TMC against the Communist Party of India (Marxist), (CPI(M)) in the state of West Bengal and defeated them after they had been in power for 34 years. She was sworn in as Chief Minister of West Bengal on 20th May 2011. West Bengal has a population of over 80 million, larger than Germany.
Mamata Banerjee is a Hindu who describes herself as an advocate and social worker. Her hobbies are writing books and songs, painting and music.