Published 24th March, 2014
The Democratic Party or PD was formed on 9th September 2001 by Vence Rumangkang and a group supporting Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in his quest to become President. The party describes itself as Conservative and bases its ideology on Pancasila which has five key strands, belief in the divinity of God, a just and civilized humanity, the unity of Indonesia, democracy and social justice.
In the first presidential election after its formation the party succeeded in its aim to get Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as president in the second round in September 2004 with 60.62% of the vote. The party had previously won 55 seats in the April 2004 election to the People’s Representative Council.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono steered his country through a period of calm and relative economic growth as well as improved international relations. All of which served him well when he stood for re-election in September 2009; this time he won with 60.80% of the vote in the first round. The Democratic Party also fared well in the April elections, taking 148 seats in the 560 seat People’s Representative Council and moving up from fifth to top position in parliament.
Having completed his two terms in office Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was not eligible to stand again in the 2014 presidential election.