Published 2nd January, 2013
Kadima or ‘Forward’ was founded on 24th November 2005 by Ariel Sharon and other moderates from Likud as a result of Sharon’s unilateral disengagement plan. The party describes itself as centrist and believes in Centrism, Zionism and Liberalism.
In its first election in 2006 Kadima did very well, taking 26 seats in the 120 seat Knesset and becoming the largest party. Ehud Olmert replaced Ariel Sharon after Sharon’s stroke and became prime minister, a post he held until 2009.
Although Kadima was the largest party after the 2009 elections with 28 seats under the leadership of Tzipi Livni, it was not able to form a government. In May 2012 the party did briefly join the coalition government of Benjamin Netanyahu, but left in July 2012. On 27th November 2012, Tzipi Livni announced that she was forming a new party called Hatnuah or ‘The Movement’.
Kadima is a member of the Alliance of Democrats.