Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats
Published 11th September, 2012
Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats or TS – LKD was founded in May 1993 as a successor to what was left of the Lithuanian Reform Movement which had launched the country’s independence moves in 1990. At that stage the party was known as Homeland Union – Lithuanian Conservatives (TS-LK), it only took on its current name in 2008 when it merged with the Lithuanian Christian Democrats (LKD).
Today, the party describes itself as centre-right and believes in Conservatism, Christian Democracy, economic liberalism and national conservatism.
In its first electoral outing in 1996 the party had instance success and won 70 of the 140 seats in the 140 seat Seimas. Although this gave them a majority of sorts they decided to form a coalition government with the Lithuanian Christian Democrats (LKD) and the Lithuanian Centre Union.
Divisions within the coalition led to a fractured government and unsurprisingly in the 2000 election the party was reduced to just nine seats in the 141 seat Seimas. It took time for the party to repair itself and in 2004 they grew to 25 seats but it was only in 2008 when they took 45 of 141 seats that they were able to form a new coalition government with the Liberal Movement (LRLS), Liberal and Centre Union (LiCS), and National Resurrection Party (this party merged with the LiCS in 2011)
In the meantime the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats had merged with a number of other parties, namely the Lithuanian Union of Political Prisoners and Deportees (PLKTS), Right Union of Lithuania, Lithuanian Nationalist Union (LTS) (they withdrew from the merger in 2011) and the Lithuanian Christian Democrats (LKD). It was the merger with the latter in March 2008 that led to the most recent name.
The Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats is a member of the International Democrat Union (IDU). The party has four of the twelve national seats in the European Parliament and they are members of the European People’s Party (EPP).