Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
Published 17th May, 2011
The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO–DPMNE was founded in late June 1990 and describes itself as a centre right conservative christian democrat party.
The party derives its name from the anti Ottoman rebel movement the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation (VMRO) which was set up in 1893. When post Tito Yugoslavia started to disintegrate a number of nationalists wanted to revive the old name in a new party with a similar nationalistic outlook.
Having failed to win the 1990 general election ,although they were the largest party, and boycotting the second round of the 1994 election, by 1998 the rhetoric had softened and they formed an alliance with the pro-business Democratic Alternative (DA).
In the 1998 election the VMRO–DPMNE alliance won 59 of the 120 seats and with the Democratic party of Albanians (DPA) they formed a coalition government.
Their fortune continued in 1999 when their candidate, Boris Trajkovski was elected as President with 52.9% of the vote.
By 2002 the VMRO–DPMNE was out of power once more with just 29 seats in the new parliament. However they came back strongly in 2006 and leading a large coalition of smaller parties they won 45 seats and again formed a coalition with, amongst others, the DPA.
Following a snap general election in 2008 the VMRO–DPMNE under a coalition called ‘For a Better Macedonia’ won 63 seats in the 120 seat parliament.
Elections were not due again until 2012, but following some internal strife and the opposition disrupting the work of government, the Prime Minister Nicola Gruevski called an election for 5th June 2011.
The VMRO-DPMNE is an observer member of the International Democrat Union and the European People’s Party.