Malaysian Chinese Association
Published 15th April, 2013
The Malaysian Chinese Association or MCA was founded in 1949 to support the interests of the Chinese community in Malaysia. The MCA is part of the National Front or Barisan Nasional (BN) which it joined in 1957 and is its second largest party after UMNO. The party is mainly a business oriented party and therefore tends to the centre-right, it believes in Nationalism, Conservatism and Social conservatism.
Although the party has been a member of the National Front or Barisan Nasional (BN) since its inception there have been moments when it has been unhappy with its role in the coalition and the degree of representation in government in comparison with its importance in bringing in the Chinese vote. In 1969 the MCA briefly withdrew from the BN and in May 2000 its president, Ling Liong Sik, resigned as Transport Minister saying that the party had not been given enough senior ministerial posts.
The party has also been involved in running major media organisations including the English language newspaper, The Star and the Chinese newspaper, Nanyang Siang Pau.
In the 2008 general election the MCA dropped from 31 to 15 seats in the 222 seat House of Representatives. The party has been renowned for its infighting and a number of financial and sex scandals over the years.