Alliance for Democracy in Mali-Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice
Published 28th February, 2012
The Alliance for Democracy in Mali-Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice or ADEMA-PASJ was launched in October 1990 by parties opposed to the regime of Moussa Traoré. This group included the Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally (Soudanaise-Rassemblement Démocratique Africain, US-RDA), the Malian Party for Revolution and Democracy (le Parti Malien pour la Révolution et la Démocratie, PMDR), the Malian Party of Labour (le Parti Malien du Travail, PMT) and the Malian Popular and Democratic Front (le Front Démocratique et Populaire Malien, FDPM).
Following the fall of the Moussa Traoré regime, the group became a legitimate political party. In the 1992 presidential election its candidate, Alpha Oumar Konaré won the presidential election taking 69.0% of the vote in the second round. The party also did well, taking 76 of the 116 seats in the National Assembly elections that year.
Konaré was re-elected in 1997 with 84.4% of the vote but on a very low turnout of just 29.0%. The party won 128 of the 147 seats in the National Assembly in the July election. An earlier election was invalidated and many parties boycotted the July poll.
In 2002 Konaré, having completed his two terms stood down and the party candidate Soumaïla Cissé came second with 35.65% of the vote. The party also did badly in the general election, being reduced to 45 of the 160 seats in the National Assembly.
In 2007 the party decided to back the 2002 presidential winner, Amadou Toumani Touré and in the general election they joined his Alliance for Democracy and Progress(ADP). It was a shrewd move and they emerged the largest party with 51 of the 160 seats in parliament.
The Alliance for Democracy in Mali-Pan-African Party for Liberty, Solidarity and Justice is a member of Socialist International.