Mongolia

Mongolian People’s Party


Published 26th June, 2012

The Mongolian People’s Party or MPP was founded in 1921. The party subsequently became the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) during the Communist era and only reverted back to its old name in 2010. The party describes itself as centre-left and formerly believed in communism and then democratic socialism before taking its current stance of social democracy.

The party was the only legitimate party between 1921 and 1990 and during those times it was organised as a communist party with a highly centralised structure.

In 1990 the ruling Politburo was replaced by new leaders and in the April the party congress approved the separation of powers of the party and state. In the first multi-party elections in 1990 the party won 358 of 430 seats in the State Great Hural.

A new constitution came into effect in 1992 and the MPRP abandoned Marxist-Leninist concepts and fought the general election on a platform of ‘humane socialism’. It won the election, taking 70 of the 76 seats in the new parliament.

The MPRP lost office in the elections of 1996, dropping to just 25 of the 76 seats in the State Great Hural but returned to power in 2000, taking 72 of the 76 seats.

In 2004 the MPRP dropped seats again and although were still the largest party, they took only 37 seats. Initially they refused to accept the results of the election but subsequently formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party (DP).

In 2008 the party won 45 of the 76 seats but was accused of vote rigging. Riots resulted in five deaths and the burning of the MPRP headquarters. A state of emergency was called and things only calmed down after the MPRP agreed to allow the Democratic Party (DP) to join a coalition government. The DP subsequently left the coalition in early 2012 to fight the general election.

The MPP is a member of Socialist international.


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