President of the Republic of Senegal
Macky Sall was born on 11th December in Fatick in western Senegal to the south east of the capital Dakar. His father is said to have been a civil servant and his mother a groundnut seller.
He took his education first at the Lycée Gaston Berger in Kaolack where he obtained certificates in mathematics and physics. Then he went on to take a Diploma of Engineering Geologist Design (DIG) at the Institute of Earth Sciences (IST) in 1988. This was followed by a Certificate of Advanced Studies (AEA) Hydrogeology at the Department of Geology, the University of Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar in 1990. Subsequently he went to the Ecole Nationale Superieure du Petrole et des Moteurs (IFP School) of the French Petroleum Institute between 1992 and 1993 where he took a Masters in Exploration – Geophysics.
Between 1994 and 2000 he was Divisional Head at the Database Division of the Petroleum Company of Senegal (PETROSEN).
It is unclear when he started his political career but Macky Sall joined the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS) sometime in the 1990s. In 1998 he became Secretary General of the PDS Regional Convention in Fatick. In 2000 he was made Director General of the Petroleum Company of Senegal (PETROSEN) and a Special Adviser for Energy and Mines to the newly elected President Abdoulaye Wade.
In 2001 Macky Sall was made Minister of Mines, Energy and Water, a post he held until 2003 when he was moved to become the Minister of State for the Interior and Local Communities. In 2004 he was made a Vice-Chairman of the PDS and in the April was promoted to the position of Prime Minister. He held this post until 2007. In the same year he was elected the President of the National Assembly, a post he held until November 2008 when he fell out with President Wade after he summoned the president’s son Karim to answer to parliament for massive overspending on capital projects.
In December 2008, having left the PDS, he formed a new political party, the Alliance for the Republic (APR), his political platform to fight the presidential election. In a controversial move, President Wade decided to stand for a third presidential term in 2012. The decision brought many people on to the streets and the M-23 movement was formed of which Macky Sall was a part. Having come second in round one, every other opposition candidate decided to support him in his bid to oust President Wade. On 25th March 2012 he was successful in his efforts and on 1st April he will take up his new post as President.
Macky Sall said in an interview with the BBC that he had little time for hobbies. He does, however, have a wife, Marieme Faye Sall, and three children. He has been described as being austere in his demeanor, but those who know him say that he is modest and keeps his word as well as being a team player who listens to advice.
He speaks French, English, Pular and Wolof and is a member of a number of international socieyies involved in geology, petroleum geology and geophysics.