Socialist Party of Serbia
Published 16th April, 2012
The Socialist Party of Serbia was founded in July 1990 by Slobodan Milošević as a merger of the League of Communists of Serbia and the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Serbia. It describes itself as centre-left and believes in democratic socialism and Serbian nationalism.
In the 1990 elections the party won 194 of the 250 seats in the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia. They went on to win 101 seats in 1992 and 123 seats in 1993.
Milošević had done equally well in this post Tito period, winning the 1990 presidential election with 65.34% of the vote, then 53.24% in 1992. Although constitutionally barred from standing again, Milošević was elected as federal president in July 1997 and the SPS took 85 seats in the election that year, although their alliance won 110 seats.
With the withdrawal of Serbian forces from Kosovo in 1999 and the bombardment of Belgrade by NATO forces Milošević found himself facing increasing pressure to step down. Protests were orchestrated by the opposition Democratic Opposition of Serbia and in the 2000 election the SPS vote plummeted and they managed to pick up only 37 seats and 14% of the vote.
In April 2001 Slobodan Milošević was arrested and extradited to The Hague to face war crimes charges. Since then the party has continued to decline. In 2003 they won 22 seats, in 2007 that dropped further to 16 seats in the 250 seat parliament and in 2008 they managed 20 seats.
In 2010 the SPS announced that it was changing its position and it is now describing itself as a social democratic party.
For the 2012 election the Socialist Party of Serbia will be contesting the election with the Party of United Pensioners of Serbia and United Serbia.