Singapore achieved internal self rule from the British in 1959 and after a short period between 1963 and 1965 was part of the Federation of Malaysia. On leaving the Federation Singapore became an independent sovereign state.

In 1959 the People’s Action Party (PAP) took 43 of the 51 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Singapore. The other modern day party to fight that election was the Worker’s Party but they did not win any seats.

From that point on the PAP has ruled Singapore taking nearly all of the parliamentary seats in the following eleven general elections. In four governments they were the sole party and in most others they have conceded only two or three seats in a parliament which has grown from 51 to the current 84 seats.

Other parties that have contested recent elections, apart from the Worker’s Party, are the Singapore Democratic Party and an alliance of three other parties calling itself the Singapore Democratic Alliance.

The President is elected by popular vote for a six year term.

There is a unicameral Parliament with 84 members elected to serve five-year terms.

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2016 places Singapore at 7th out of 176 countries with a CPI 2016 score of 84 (where 100 is least corrupt).