Christian Democratic Movement
Published 31st January, 2012
The Christian Democratic Movement or KDH was founded in February 1990 by Ján Čarnogurský, a communist era Catholic dissident. It describes itself as centre-right and believes in Christian democracy and social conservatism.
In the 1990 election in Czechoslovakia it worked with the Czech Christian Democrats whilst presenting its own list in Slovakia and working with Public Against Violence (VPN), the eventual winners of the election. The KDH took 31 seats and joined the coalition along with the Hungarian Independent Initiative (MNI) and the Democratic Party (DS).
In 1992 the KDH dropped to 18 of the 150 seats in the National Council and went into opposition. Despite a short period in government between March and September 1994, the party was back in opposition after the September general election when they took 17 seats.
By 1997 the party had joined a five party anti-government coalition and in the 1998 election it participated as part of the Slovak Democratic Coalition (SDK) which won 42 seats and formed the government.
In January 2000, Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda announced the formation of the SDKU and around a quarter of the KDH members joined the new party. In the October Čarnogurský decided to stand down as party chairman of the KDH and was replaced by Pavol Hrušovský.
In 2002 the KDH refused an appeal by the SDKU to create an election coalition and instead went it alone, taking 15 seats in that election and then joining the new SDKU government.
In 2006 the party dropped to 14 seats and along with the SDKU was forced into opposition. But they returned in 2010 to win 15 seats and once more joined the SDKÚ-DS coalition of Iveta Radičová.
The Christian Democratic Movement is an observer member of the Centrist Democrat International and a member of the European People’s Party in the European Parliament where they hold two of the 13 national seats.