Slovakia

Party of the Hungarian Coalition


Published 31st January, 2012

The Party of the Hungarian Coalition or MKP (also SMK) was founded in June 1998. It describes itself as centre-right and believes in Christian democracy, Liberal conservatism and Hungarian minority interests.

In 1998 three Hungarian political groups unified to represent the roughly half a million Hungarians living in Slovakia. They were the Hungarian Christian Democratic Movement (MKDH), the Coexistence and the Hungarian Civic Party (MOS). The three parties had emerged from the first democratic elections in 1990. Although they had some success in the 1990 and 1992 elections it was decided to create a joint election coalition called the Hungarian Coalition (MK).

In 1994 the coalition managed to win 17 seats in the 150 seat National Council and went into opposition against the Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS) government.

By 1998 the rules had changed and each component of a coalition had to take more than 5% of the vote to ensure representation. Hence the three parties decided to merge in to one party, the MKP, to overcome the new electoral law.

In the 1998 election the MKP won 15 seats and decided to join the Slovak Democratic Coalition (SDK) government, receiving three ministerial posts.

In 2002 the party did better, winning 20 seats and again joined the government coalition. In 2006 the government lost but the MKP held on to its 20 seats and went into opposition.

In 2010 the Party of the Hungarian Coalition failed to reach the 5% threshold, taking only 4.33% of the vote and was not represented in parliament. This was largely the result of a former MKP party chairman, Béla Bugár, establishing a new party, Most-Hid, in June 2009.

The Party of the Hungarian Coalition currently holds two of the 13 national seats in the European Parliament and is a member of the European People’s Party. It is also an observer member of Centrist Democrat International.


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