Pan Africanist Congress of Azania
Published 12th May, 2014
The Pan Africanist Congress of Azania or PAC is a Black Nationalist movement and political party founded by Robert Sobukwe. It was founded on 6th April 1959 in Soweto. It describes itself as Left-wing and believes in Pan-Africanism, Black nationalism and African socialism.
On 8th April 1960, along with the ANC and a number of other anti-apartheid movements the PAC was banned by the white minority government. In response it formed the Azanian People’s Liberation Army, an armed liberation group.
In 1990 the party announced that it was abandoning the armed struggle and it was reinstated. PAC fought the 1994 general election, winning five seats. In 1999 the party dropped two seats to win three seats and in 2003, prior to the 2004 general election one of its MPs, Patricia de Lille left the party to form the Independent Democrats. In the 2004 election the party retained three seats but in 2009 it dropped back to just one seat which it retained in 2014 but with a reduced vote.