Convergence and Union
Published 2nd November, 2011
The Convergence and Union or CiU was founded in 1979 as an alliance between the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC) and the Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC), later they absorbed the Catalan Democratic Left Party (EDC). They describe themselves as right wing to centre Catalan nationalists and believe in liberalism, Christian democracy, economic liberalism and fiscal conservatism.
In their first outing the two founding parties fought the 1977 election as part of the Democratic Pact which took 11 seats in the 350 seat Congress of Deputies.
In the 1979 elections the CiU won 12 seats and in the March 1980 regional elections they won 28% of the vote and 43 of the 135 regional parliamentary seats to become the largest party. They went on to rule the Catalan parliament until 2003.
In 1982 the CiU won 12 seats to the Chamber of Deputies, in 1986 this increased to 18 seats and again in 1989 they took 18 seats. By this time they were the fourth largest party in the Spanish parliament.
In the 1987 European elections the CiU took three seats and in the 1993 general election they dropped back slightly to 17 seats. The dropped another seat in the 1996 election and another in the 200 election, giving them 15 seats in the Congress of Deputies. In both the 2004 and 2008 elections they won ten seats.
In the 2010 regional elections the CiU won 38.5% of the vote and took 62 seats in the 135 seat Parliament of Catalonia, returning them to power after a seven year absence.
The Convergence and union are affiliated to the Liberal International as well as the Centrist Democrat International. They are also affiliated to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party and in the European Parliament are members of the European People’s Party (EPP).