Liberal People’s Party
Published 20th June, 2014
The Liberal People’s Party or FP was founded on 5th August 1934 but had its roots in the Free-minded National Association which dates back to 1902. The party describes itself as Centre-right and believes in Liberalism, Social liberalism and Conservative liberalism.
The Free-minded National Association had been in government between 1905 and 1906, 1911 to 1914, 1917 to 1920, 1926 to 1928 and from 1930 to 1932. In 1923 the party had split over the issue of alcohol prohibition with the anti-ban minority forming the Liberal Party of Sweden. The two factions re-united in 1934 as the People’s Party or Folkpartiet the name by which it is more usually called. In 1990 the party added the ‘Liberal’ part to their name.
The party in its modern format was part of the national unity government which was formed during the Second World War. From the end of the war until 1976 it was the second largest party in parliament but always coming second to the Social Democrats and always remaining in opposition.
In 1976 that all changed. The Liberal People’s Party came fourth with just 39 seats in the 349 seat Riksdag, but it joined a Centre Party (C) led coalition along with the Moderate Party, breaking a 44 year long rule by the Social Democrats. In 1979 they renewed the coalition but after the Moderates left they continued with the Centre Party until they were defeated in 1982, when they dropped from 38 seats to 21 seats.
In 1985 they went back up to 51 seats and then 44 seats in 1988. In 1991 they were back in the three party coalition government but with just 33 seats. Apart from a reprise in 2002 when they won 48 seats but remained in opposition their tally of seats has declined.
In 2006 the Liberal People’s Party joined the ‘Alliance’, a four party centre-right alliance including the Moderate Party, Centre Party and Christian Democrats. The Alliance was successful in the 2006 general election and even though the FP only won 28 seats they were back in government. In 2010 they did worse and won just 24 seats in the 349 seat Riksdag but were back in power as part of the Alliance for their second consecutive term.
The Liberal People’s Party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. In the European Parliament where it holds two of the 20 national seats it is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe bloc.