Uganda became an independent state in 1962 after 70 years under British rule.
The first elections were held in the same year and an alliance between the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) and the Kabaka Yekka (KY) formed the first government. The first executive Prime Minister was Milton Obote.
In 1971 Obote and the UPC were deposed in a coup by Idi Amin who remained in power until 1979.
Idi Amin, in turn, was deposed in 1979 and Presidential and General elections were held in 1980. Milton Obote was elected once more, this time as President and the UPC formed the government. However the elections were disputed and Yoweri Museveni one of the presidential candidates declared an armed rebellion.
In 1985 President Obote was removed in a bloodless coup by General Tito Okello Lutwa. However, this government was subsequently toppled by Museveni’s National Resistance Army in 1986.
In a ‘no party’ election of the same year Yoweri Museveni became President and his National Resistance Movement (NRM) formed a government. Museveni won again in 2001 and the non political party system known as the ‘Movement’ system remained.
However, international pressure was building against Museveni and in 2005 a Constitutional Referendum was held in which the people voted for a multi-party system.
The 2006 elections were the first in twenty years to allow more than one party to stand for election. Museveni and the NRM went on to win these elections.
The President is elected by popular vote for a five year term. The 1995 Constitution allowed for two terms only, but this was revised in the Presidential Elections Act 2005 when the terms limit was removed.
Uganda has a unicameral National Assembly consisting of 332 members – 215 directly elected by a single majority; one woman representative elected from each District (79); ten Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) representatives; five workers’ representatives; five youth representatives, five representatives of people with disabilities and 13 ex-officio members all serving a five year term.
The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2016 places the Uganda at joint 151st out of 176 countries with a CPI 2016 score of 25 (where 100 is least corrupt).