All-Ukrainian Union “Fatherland”
Published 14th October, 2012
The All-Ukrainian Union “Fatherland” was founded by Yulia Tymoshenko, after the split up of Hromada, in July 1999. Since then the party has been joined by other parties including Yabluko in 2005, the People’s Self Defense Political Party in 2011 along with the Reforms and Order Party, People’s Movement of Ukraine and Front of Changes. The party describes itself as centre right and believes in Liberalism, Populism, Social democracy, Moderate Conservatism and is Pro-European.
On forming the party it was able to gather 23 deputies of which 19 had been with Hromada. In 2000 Yulia Tymoshenko was appointed Deputy Prime Minister in charge of the energy sector. Subsequently she was dismissed in January 2001 having been charged with corruption and the party moved into opposition.
In 2002 Fatherland, as the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, won 22 seats in the Verkhovna Rada or parliament.
As unhappiness with the government and the president grew Fatherland and Our Ukraine, the party of Victor Yushchenko, joined forces and established the Force of the people with several other parties. It was this coalition which led the Orange revolution in 2004 when it looked became clear that there had been widespread election fraud. Victor Yushchenko went on to win the election in a third round with 51.99% of the vote; he went on to appoint Yulia Tymoshenko as prime minister but the alliance only lasted a few months before they fell out.
In 2006 a new general election saw the Fatherland winning 129 seats with the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine as part of the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko. An inconclusive result meant that a second general election was held in 2007 and this time the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko won 156 of the 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada.
Following the 2007 election the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko and Our Ukraine entered into a coalition and Yulia Tymoshenko was once again the prime minister. The relationship with President Victor Yushchenko continued to deteriorate and the problem was resolved in 2010 when Viktor Yanukovych won the presidential election and soon after Tymoshenko was replaced by Mykola Azarov as prime minister.
In October 2011 Yulia Tymoshenko was imprisoned for seven years for abuse of office, but her party continues to fight elections with her as the leader.
The website for the 2012 campaign can be found here.