Yemeni Socialist Party
Published 23rd January, 2012
The Yemeni Socialist Party or YSP was formed in 1978 as a Marxist-Leninist Party to lead the new People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen). It was formerly known as the National Liberation Front. The party describes itself as left wing and it believes in pan-Arab nationalism, Marxism and Socialism.
The YSP was the sole ruling party in the south until the unification of North and South Yemen in 1990.
In the first elections of the new states in 1993 the YSP came third with 56 of 301 seats in the Assembly of Representatives. The YSP joined the General People’s Congress led government and were given nine Cabinet seats. However, ideological differences saw the outbreak of the 1994 civil war and afterwards the YSP was excluded from the new government formed in October 1994.
The YSP boycotted the 1999 general election and opposed the constitutional changes of 2000. In 2001 the party joined the Co-ordination Council of Opposition Parties (CCOP).
In 2003 the party fought the general election but by now they were weakened and managed to win just eight of the 301 seats.
The Yemeni Socialist Party is a member of Socialist International.