General election to be held on 1st November
Following the general election of 7th June 2015 the result was inconclusive with the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) losing its majority.
An AKP Speaker was subsequently elected once parliament had resumed but this triggered off a 45 period by which a new government had to be formed. That period ran out last Sunday 23rd August without any breakthrough in negotiations.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan then called for fresh elections to be held and the Supreme Election Council (YSK) has confirmed that the election will be held on Sunday 1st November.
In the June election the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) lost its parliamentary majority for the first time in 13 years, taking 40.80% of the vote to give them 258 seats, 18 seats short of the 276 seats needed for a simple majority in the 550 seat Grand National Assembly.
Three other parties won representation, the Kemalist and centre-left main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) increased their vote to 25.23% to give them 132 seats. The Turkish Nationalist and right-wing Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) came third with 16.54% of the vote and 81 seats.
Whilst the fourth party to enter parliament was the left-wing Kurdish leaning Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP). They took 12.50% of the vote and 79 seats; the first time that a Kurdish supporting party had exceeded the 10% threshold and won seats without having to stand as independents.
Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu still has to form a provisional ‘election government’; he must do this within five days’. The constitution requires that this government is made up according to the proportion of seats parties hold in parliament. The ministries of Justice, Internal Affairs, and Transport must be given to “independent candidates.” The CHP and MHP have already indicated that they will not take up any ministries so their allocation will also have to go to independents. The HDP have indicated that they will take up their allocation which they put at three ministries. However, if the HDP do take up ministries the fallout from nationalists is likely to be bad for the AKP; so the question remains as to whether the HDP will be offered any ministries.