Romanians look set to return PSD to power
Romanians will vote today using a revised electoral system which sees a return to the system last used in 2004 whereby MPs will be elected through a party list proportional system. In 2008 and 2012 a first past the post system was used.
The new parliament will have 466 MPs made up of 330 members of the Chamber of Deputies and 136 members of the Senate. The Chamber of Deputies will have 308 deputies plus 18 minority deputies and four deputies from the diaspora. The Senate has 134 Senators plus a further two from the diaspora.
In addition to the changes made to the electoral system there has been a re-alignment of the political groupings in parliament. The parties to watch are:
The centre-left Social Democratic Party (PSD) comes top in recent polls with 44% of the vote.
A newly re-formed centre-right National Liberal Party (PNL) (which merged with the Democratic Liberal Party – PDL) in 2014) is on 23% of the vote in recent polls.
The centre-right Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE), which is a merger of the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) and Conservative Party (PC) in 2015 is on 6% of the vote.
The centre-right People’s Movement Party (PMP), which was formed by supporters of former President Traian Băsescu in 2014, is on 6% of the vote.
The Save Romania Union (USR) which was formed in 2015 after the success of the Save Bucharest Union in local elections might get as much as 7% of the vote if the opinion polls are accurate.
The right-wing United Romania Party (PRU) is on around 4% just under the 5% threshold for representation.
The centrist to centre-right ethnic Hungarian Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (RMDSZ or UDMR) might get 5% according to the IRES opinion pollsters for Digi24 TV station.
IRES also asked about the intention to vote, with 42% saying they would vote and 24% saying they wouldn’t whilst 28% said they probably would vote. In 2012 the turnout was a dismal 42%.
There are 18,297,431 voters entitled to vote today between 5 a.m. and 7 p.m. local time for 6000+ candidates from 11 political parties. Of the 8,889 voters living abroad a total of 4,561 have voted by post.