Ruling party retains nearly all seats
As expected, President Emomali Rahmon’s ruling People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) won the general election on 1st March.
In the 2010 election the People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT) won 55 of the 63 seats, this time they dropped from 71.04% of the vote to 65.2% but will still take the vast majority of the seats allocated under the list element of the election.
The Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) lost all representation on the 63 seat Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Namoyandagon). Last time they picked up two list seats with 8.2% of the vote but this time dropped to 2.3% of the vote according to the elections commission. The Communist Party of Tajikistan (CPT) also lost its two seats on the list system, dropping from 7.01% in 2010 to 1.5% in 2015, although they are reported to have picked up two constituency seats.
The Agrarian Party of Tajikistan (APT), the Party of Economic Reforms of Tajikistan (PERT) and the Socialist Party all won seats, the latter for the first time. The APT took 11.8% of the vote, up from 5.11% in 2010. The PERT also increased their vote from 5.06% to 7.6%. The Socialist Party had been part of a three party coalition in 2010 which took 3.58% of the vote whereas this time the party took 5.5%.
The 63 seat parliament is made up of 41 constituency seats and 22 proportional representation or list seats. Traditionally the opposition manage to eke out a few seats through the list system.
As usual, most independent elections observers did not consider the election to be free and fair. The OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights monitoring mission said the poll took place in a “restricted political space”. A representative of the European Parliament delegation said there had been “significant shortcomings, including multiple voting and ballot-box stuffing, and disregard of counting procedures that meant that an honest count could not be guaranteed”.