TFG ends today with election of president


Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government which has been in existence since 2004 will formally come to an end today with the convening of the new lower house and the election of a president.

Earlier this month an 825 member National Constituent Assembly representing the four major clans, the Darod, Hawiiye, Digil and Merifle along with a number of smaller clans including the Harti, Ogden and Marhanm and members of civil society agreed a new constitution for the country. The vote was carried by 621 votes in favour, 13 against and 11 abstentions.

Since then the selection of 275 members of the lower house has been proceeding but as of yesterday only 215 members had been approved. Nevertheless the lower house will proceed to elect a new president today provided they have a quorum of 2/3rds of the eventual 275 members; that will require at least 184 members to be present and voting.

Around 50 candidates have expressed interest in the presidential post and they will all be voted upon in a first round which reduces the number to five. In a second round this is reduced to two and a final round is a straight fight between the two remaining candidates.

The new president, once elected, will then appoint a prime minister who in turn will name a Council of Ministers.

At some point in the future there will also be an upper house of 54 senators.

Whatever the outcome today it will be a massive move forward for the country which has been suffering from war, terrorism and political instability since the fall of Siad Barre in 1991.

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