Peace deal finally agreed


Five years after Maoists ended a long running insurgency the final elements of a peace deal have been put into place and agreed. The deal was signed by the leaders of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist (UCPN – M), the Nepali Congress, the Communist Party of Nepal – Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) and United Democratic Madhesi Front (UDMF – consists of three Madhesh political parties).

The seven point agreement includes a maximum of 6,500 Maoist ex combatants being integrated into the Nepali Army. Those who are not will receive around 500,000 to 800,00 Nepali Rupees (£3,914 to £6,262) in compensation, depending upon rank. Those who opt for rehabilitation will have the choice of education and training or voluntary retirement.

The agreement also includes two bills to be endorsed by parliament. One on Truth and Reconciliation and a second on Inquiry into Disappearances with two commissions formed within a month.

In another move, properties seized during the conflict will be returned to their owners by 23rd November and will be administered by local authorities. Owners will be compensated.

The parties have agreed to intensify the dialogue on drafting a new constitution with an aim of completing the drafting within one month.

The agreement also talks about forming a national unity government but it is unclear as to whether this will be an expansion of the current government or a completely new team.

Other points of the seven point deal as published in the Himalayan Times include:

• Combatant categorisation for integration and rehabilitation to begin within seven days and completed by 23rd November
• All weapons to be brought under government control once integration begins
• Relief for conflict victims
• YCL paramilitary structure to be dismantled
• Experts’ team to be formed for state restructuring issues
• Vehicles used by Maoist leaders to be legalised by November 23.

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