UNGA passes resolution condemning Syria
The United Nations General Assembly yesterday voted by 133 for, 12 against and with 31 abstentions for an Arab bloc instigated resolution which expressed grave concern at the escalation of violence in Syria and condemned the Security Council for its lack of action.
The resolution condemned attacks on civilians including children by the Syrian government, military-intelligence services, and militias, as well as killing and maiming, arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and ill-treatment, including violence, and use of human shields.
The General Assembly resolution also condemned the increasing Syrian military reliance on heavy weapons, including tanks and helicopters and failure to withdraw its troops and heavy weapons to their barracks in line with Annan’s peace plan.
In a lightly veiled attack on Russia and China the resolution expressed “deep concern at the lack of progress towards implementation of the six-point plan” and deplored “the failure of the Security Council to agree on measures to ensure the compliance of Syrian authorities with its decisions.”
The twelve countries voting against the resolution were Belarus, Bolivia, China, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Iran, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Russian Federation, Syria, Venezuela and Zimbabwe.
Thirty-one countries abstained, they were Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Armenia, Burundi, Ecuador, Eritrea, Fiji, Ghana, Guyana, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mali, Namibia, Nepal, Pakistan, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Viet Nam.
The following countries did not attend; Cambodia, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Kiribati, Malawi, Philippines, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan and Yemen.
The resolution carries no legal weight but is more a sign of moral pressure against the regime.