Bosnia and Herzegovina

New government agreed


After a fourteen month deadlock the six main parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina have agreed to form a new government, share power, agree a budget and progress their application of membership of the European Union (EU).

The breakthrough came on Wednesday and whilst no one party has got all it wanted, there appears to be enough common ground for the parties to continue with the formation of a Council of Ministers (Cabinet).

Bosnia and Herzegovina is split into two semi-autonomous regions, the Serb dominated Republika Srbska and the Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia Hercegovina. There is then a Council of Ministers for the country which acts as the head of government and a parliament which proposes legislation. The form of government was agreed through the Dayton Accord (1995) which followed the three and a half year long conflict as the former Yugoslavia broke apart.

Elections held in 2010 led to a deadlock with no agreement. Since then the country has been paralysed, with credit ratings falling and EU money suspended.

The new government will see a Bosnian Croat take the role of Prime Minister and a Bosnian Muslim assume the Foreign Minister’s position. The new Council of Ministers will consist of four Mulsim Bosniaks, three Serbs and three Croats.

The individual post holders should be announced in the next few days and EU funds should start to flow into the country once more in the new year.

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